Trans-Border Migration: Bridging the Gap between State and Human Security

Addressing vulnerability and promoting security
Posted Apr 29, 2021 | Observer Research Foundation, Anasua Chaudhury, Ambar Kumar Ghosh

Due to the non-obligatory nature of the international legal regime, and the primacy of domestic laws, international law has been unable to cause modern states to provide modest opportunities of survival to immigrants and refugees. These are often faced with economic and identity crises which conflate to cause a serious humanitarian emergency.  In this paper by the Observer Research Foundation, Anasua Chaudhury and Ambar Kumar Ghosh discuss the phenomenon of migration - both legal and voluntary, and illegal and forced - against the perspectives of ‘state security’ and ‘human security’. They explain the socio-political dynamics of the eastern regions of the Indian subcontinent, their historical legacies including border formation; examine how migration acquires a security dimension in the context of displacement due to violence and economic necessity; and outline how a humanitarian perspective on migration can disentangle the ‘hard’ concept of securitised borders.


https://www.orfonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/ORF_OccasionalPaper_311_Migration_26April.pdf

 

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