Diverging Employment Pathways among Young Adults - Racial and Ethnic Inequality is a Barrier to Better Earnings

Delivering sustainable economic growth
Posted Jun 23, 2022 | Brookings Metro, Martha Ross, Gabriel Piña et al

Economic mobility is strikingly different depending on race and ethnicity. Among white people, every trajectory group at age 30 has higher earnings than the corresponding trajectory groups among Black and Latino or Hispanic people. In this essay for Brookings Metro, Martha RossGabriel Piña et al explore how wage and benefits pathways differ in the U.S. between Black, white, and Latino or Hispanic adults who experienced socioeconomic disadvantage in adolescence. They find that in addition to hiring, racial discrimination manifests itself in the assignments workers are given and the ways their performance is judged and rewarded, which in turn affects career progression. Thus, the lower payoffs people of color experience reflect racism at every stage in the pathway to higher mobility.



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